H.E. Dr. Tizita Mulugeta
Ambassador of Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to India
Why Ethiopia is under the limelight of the Western world
Ethiopia has shifted its focus towards its main agenda of continuing its broad and profound holistic reform process.
Ethiopia’s P.M Abiy Ahmed, who came into office in 2018, has pushed to liberalize his country economy as well as open up its political land-scape. The world has witnessed the government of Ethiopia for its commitment towards taking bold steps to widen the political space, releasing political prisoners and invited exiled opposition parties to return and pursue a peaceful struggle in the country. The Premier has also stepped up his efforts to usher in a new era of Ethiopian governance and as well as to deepen political and economic integration with its neighbouring countries. In short span of time, Prime Minister Dr. Abiy Ahmed had received the 100th Noble Peace Price for his efforts to achieve peace with Eritrea. Indeed, he has got a worldwide recognition for this great achievement . The peace deal opens doors to sustain peace in a region which is pinpointed as one of the most conflict-prone regions of the world. He also stepped into re-building strained relationships between Eritrea and Djibouti, Eritrea and Somalia, as well as facilitating smooth political transition in Sudan.
The Premier came to office promising an end to decade of authoritarian rule. The TPLF In the 27 years of dictatorship has committed gross human rights abuses and openly looted the country’s resource, thereby putting Ethiopia in a debt that it will have huge burden to the current government. Ethiopians lived on a meagre 2 USD per day while TPLF kleptomaniacs were grabbing land and stealing billions of dollars, which it now uses to fund its media networks, wooed some foreign government officials, lobbyists, and journalists, and funds the lavish life for its families.
After years of preparation, on November 4, 2020, a well-trained, well-armed, and highly organized TPLF military juntas , who were planted in all ranks of the military and were taking orders from the regional TPLF rulers , launched a premeditated massive attack on the Ethiopian Northern Defence Forces which were based in Tigray. These TPLF juntas betrayed and heinously murdered several members of Northern National Defence Forces. They raped and slaughtered female soldiers and Massacred hundreds of Ethiopians in the town of Mai-Kadera. They fired rockets at Bahr Dar and Gondar, threatened to fire more missiles and rockets into all metropolitan areas, with an effort to draw Eritrea into their war, TPLF fired rockets to Asmara and nearby areas. TPLF’s goal was to return to power by toppling the current Ethiopian government that they have labelled as “illegitimate”. TPLF failed miserably for not choosing the path of peace despite repeated efforts to bring it to the negotiation table.
The Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has launched a military operation aimed at bringing to justice those who are responsible for planning, organizing and directing the treacherous attack against the ENDF, restoring the constitutional order and lawful authority within the Tigray Regional State. It was also intended in neutralizing the grave threat posed by TPLF to the security and territorial integrity of Ethiopia that could have had the possibility of endangering the security of the horn of Africa.
The Government of Ethiopia has continued intensifying its efforts to address the situation in the Tigray region by rebuilding damaged infrastructures, reopening public services, and rehabilitating displaced people in the region and opening unfettered access to humanitarian aid to more than 4.2 million people. as well as to the international media which is now fully granted access and joint investigation on human rights violations by international human rights experts and Ethiopian counterparts in the region since the law enforcement measures have come to a successful conclusion. Although these positive developments have been recognized and are visible for all to see, several allegations regarding the killing of civilians, sexual violence, the looting and destruction of property have been reported by journalists and other entities and failing repeatedly to balance their stories.
In January 2021, the world witnessed a barrage of attacks and inflammatory stories on Ethiopia aimed at undermining the efforts of the Ethiopian government to preserve the sovereignty of the Ethiopian nation. Most Western media are blindly sided with unsubstantiated claim made by the U.S. and Europe and report that TPLF is a victim of this war and Eritrea and Ethiopia committed a possible war crime against the Tigrayan people. On May 23, U.S. announced visa restrictions and security assistance to Ethiopia. The American government supplied with fabricated and exaggerated information by the TPLF clique and their propagandists, are accusing Ethiopia for atrocities they have not investigated or confirmed. If the West is really interested in investigating human rights abuse, they have been given the green light to work with the government. However, what is evident is that the American government officials, their global media, and the humanitarian organizations are slinging mud of lies aimed at blaming the government of Ethiopia. Despite the progress being demonstrated by the Ethiopian government, they are in utter denial of positive developments, ignoring the reality on the ground, in spite of this, Ethiopia is still open for cooperation with outside world and will continue its focus towards its main agenda of continuing its broad and profound holistic reform process but will never accept a foreign power to meddle its internal affairs.
From the outset, I am grateful for the opportunity (Swami Vivekananda) offered me to reflect my view, perspective, and understanding entitled ” Better Future for Our Planet, For Humanity” it also gives me immense pleasure to make my small contribution to this worthwhile issue.
I would like to emphasis on tackling climate change and its impacts under the topic ” Better Future for Our Planet, For Humanity” .
Climate change is affecting every country on every continent. It is disrupting national economies and affecting lives. Weather patterns are changing, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more extreme.
Although greenhouse gas emissions are projected to drop about 6 per cent in 2020 due to travel bans and economic slowdowns resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic(UN), this improvement is only temporary. Climate change is not on pause. Once the global economy begins to recover from the pandemic, emissions are expected to return to higher levels. Saving lives and livelihoods requires urgent action to address both the pandemic and the climate emergency.
In converting land for agriculture, infrastructure and urban expansion, we have destroyed ecosystems, biodiversity and the services they provide. We are polluting the land, air and sea, causing millions of deaths each year, burdening healthcare systems and, again, destroying nature’s foundations. In reality, though, there is only one threat: humanity. Our reliance on fossil fuels, our pursuit of unrestrained growth, our prioritization of the short-term over the long has caused these challenges. Multilateralism has always been at the core of finding common grounds and the platform where we develop collective action, whether on the Sustainable Development Goals or the Paris Agreement. The environment challenge is one that travels across boundaries, and in a sense, binds nations together. The environment is the platform that can enable multilateral action.
In order to create better future for our planet and for humanity, much more needs to be done than countries are currently planning. To do so the four pillars of ‘decarbonization’ are energy efficiency, zero emissions electricity, replacing fossil fuels with this clean electricity in transport, building and industry and insuring that nature’s role as a large sink of carbon emissions is recognized.(UN)
We must decarbonise our economies, that paves the way to a rapid transition to clean, renewable energy. In this regard my country Ethiopia has made great progress a case in point to July 29, 2019 Green Legacy Campaign in Ethiopia has reached the record of 353,633,660 tree seedlings planted in 12 hours across the country to combat environmental degradation. The campaign is part of the Green Legacy Initiative, promoted by the Ethiopian Prime Minister H.E Dr. Abiy Ahmed to reach the national green environmental goals to address effects of deforestation and climate change in the country. The ambitious goal of the Initiative for 2019 was to plant a total of four billion indigenous trees by the end of the rainy season in October. In this framework the Green Legacy campaign launched urging citizens to participate by planting 200 million tree seedlings in 1000 sites across Ethiopia in one-day on Monday, July 29, 2019. This goal has been largely achieved with 353,633,660 tree seedlings planted setting a new world record. Ethiopia has so far planted more than 4.1 billion trees out of the intended 5 billion, attaining 83% of the set target for this year. Officially launched by Prime Minister Abiy on 5th June, coinciding with World Environment Day, the tree-planting campaign is a demonstration of Ethiopia’s efforts to sustain biodiversity and commitment to green, climate-resilient growth. During the year 2020 rainy season, which runs until October, five billion tree seedlings were expected to be planted to help curb the effects of climate change and deforestation, with an ambitious target of planting 20 billion trees over the next four years. Despite the global pandemic, Ethiopia is committed to meeting its target. National efforts will mobilise planting at household and community level, seriously observing social distancing and other COVID-19 preventive measures as well.
For Ethiopia, green growth is a necessity as well as an opportunity to be seized. • It is a great understanding land degradation that threatens livelihood of millions of our citizens. It is equally an opportunity because it motivates the proper utilization of Ethiopia’s huge renewable energy potential in the development of our economy. That is why Ethiopia has developed its Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy to transform it by 2025 from its present LDC status with agriculture as its main economic sector and annual per capita greenhouse gas emission of 1.8 tonnes to a lower middle income status with industry as its main economic sector and with zero net carbon emission. The renewable energy potential includes geothermal , wind , solar and hydropower.
The electricity in Ethiopia’s now derived entirely from renewable energy. The Great Renaissance Dam, being constructed on the Blue Nile is planned to have a total capacity of generating more than 6000 MW of electricity when it is fully operational.
GERD is much needed project for Ethiopia, it will light up millions of homes, it will save biodiversity, conserve and manage water and it will be a lifeline for millions out poverty. GERD offers many benefits to the riparian countries including cheaper access to electricity, flood control as well as reduction in wastage from evaporation.